The Lençois Maranhenses National Park, established in 1981 in the province of Sao Luis do Maranhao, is a spectacular unique geological area in the world. Vast, with 155 000 hectares and over 70 km of coastline, is about 22 km wide continent inside.
Better known as the Brazilian Sahara, Lençois is made up of beautiful white and fine sand dunes that can be 40 meters high, with housands of freshwater and crystal lakes in different shapes and sizes, mainly during the winter. View from above, the morphology of the region reminds us of a great set of sheets spread on the water, hence the name Lençois, sheet in Portuguese. Access to the park is rather unconventional, being the closest town to the entrance Barreirinhas, and the 4x4 led by experienced guides is the only way to access.
Avoiding the hottest time of day, the scenario offers its best at nightfall, when one renders himself to the pleasure of cooling off in one of the lakes. The cameras have the best opportunity to exert their speed and avoid losing any image of an impressive sequence of colors of the landscape. The mirrors of water reflect a kaleidoscope of white dunes, turquoise waters and orange sunshine . Apart from the dunes, as boarding the area,a ride up in the river Preguiças in speedboats is an attractive plus.
Ilha Grande is considered a true ecological sanctuary composed of mangroves, the famous Atlantic Forest (original coastal forest), and among the most beautiful bays in the world.
The island is located in the southern region of the Baía de Angra dos Reis, 155 km of coastline and 106 beaches of pure beauty, a most idyllic setting. It is ideal for those who, apart from the sea, love walking and outdoors life.
A perfect combination of sea and mountains, apart from surprises as coming across old colonial churches lost in the vegetation, waterfalls, rivers, lagoons, diving sites in one place, and just two hours away from the city of Rio de Janeiro.
The mountains are also part of the landscape, such as Pedra de Agua with , 1030 meters high is the highest point of the island, followed by the Pico do Pico do Papagaio and Ferreira, with 990 and 740 meters respectively, the latter being used as a ramp for hangliding. The island is full of trails, all well marked, which provide access to the mountains or beaches. For the more relaxed people, comfortable water-taxis can take them to some of the beaches of difficult access. The south side of the island is open sea with rough seas, unlike the north side with protected and calm beaches.
The arrival to the island is through the Vila do Abraao, main harbor population, which accounts for most of the lodging options and services. The true story of pirates who took by assault the Portuguese galleons during the colonial period, and its use as a prison-island, are the ingredients to make this a real invitation to adventure.
FERNANDO DE NORONHA
With 21 islands, Fernando de Noronha is an area of 26 km2. Located 360 km from the city of Natal and 540 km from the city of Recife, the largest island in the archipelago of the same name, the only inhabited, and is definitely spectacular. Part of the island composes the National Marine Park of Fernando de Noronha, and has been considered EPA (Environmental Protection Area) since 1988, with about 8 km2. The beaches of the archipelago are more than paradisiac, its wildlife and landscapes fantastic.. It is one of the most cherished in the world. Good environmental conditions of the archipelago have attracted the interest of environmentalists since the days of Charles Darwin, who was there on the occasion of his trip to the Galapagos. It received from UNESCO the title of Heritage of Humanity.
Its crystal clear waters offer an average visibility of 40 meters, the rich variety of sea gives the opportunity to swim side by side with calm turtles, or watch the evolution of spinning dolphins . More than a dream for divers, snorkelling practitioners and lovers of nature in general. Some beaches are perfect for surfers and the summer waves up to 5 meters are fairly contested, including the realization of championships.
The archipelago's population live on sustainable tourism, creating the opportunity to get to know this gem without destroying its greatest asset, this delicate balance is a success, and only 450 people per day are allowed to visit the island.
The average temperature is 28 degrees celsius, and there are two distinct seasons of the year: the dry season, from September to March and the rainy season, from April to August. Usually the rain is quick and alternates with sunshine, a real tropical style. To stay on the island it is required a fee for environmental protection, based on the number of days spent, the more days, the higher the rate is
MORRO DE SÃO PAULO
Located 60 km south of Salvador, Morro de Sao Paulo is now one of the most popular destinations in Brazil.
On the island of Morro are the oldest settlements of the country, along with the island of Boipeba make an environmental reserve area with beautiful beaches and warm waters, Atlantic forest, mangrove swamps and desert landscapes. It is an ideal paradise to hide from everything and everyone to enjoy moments of deep peace and relaxation. Coral reefs, waterways, rich ecosystem with a high diversity of species, Morro de Sao Paulo is one of the cradles of marine life breeding on the coast of Bahia.
The mixture of culture, coconut water, caipirinha, many beaches and the music in the evenings, make the ideal atmosphere for a relaxing break in a lot of sun and fun.
The inner part of the island is the perfect setting for adventure and contact with nature. Traces of cultural history as the old lighthouse on the highest point, the nice colonial houses and the main church. The Emperor Dom Pedro I was a regular on the island, where rumor say, had a forbidden romance. The small and friendly "village" is near the harbor, and it is lovely.
The cuisine is an attraction apart, with the wealth of Bahian cuisine and seafood, with a touch of international cuisine.
The beaches are named as simple as possible: First, Second, Third and Fourth Beach, each one bearing a unique feature.
ericoacoara or Jeri as the locals affectionately call it, is a small fishing village 220 km away from the capital Fortaleza.
Just away from the line of Ecuador, with 320 days of sunshine a year, chosen by the Washington Post as one of the 10 most beautiful beaches in the world. Jeri is surrounded by dunes with freshwater lakes, crystal clear and blue, calm sea and a huge sand dune on which every evening people get together to watch one of the most beautiful sunsets in Brazil.
In 2002 it was considered a National Park with 6850 acres, with many restrictions on new constructions and more controls to better safeguard the environment. The constant wind from July to December is an invitation for water sports, it is considered the best beach in the world for sailing and windsurfing, kite surfing and sailing. Jeri is recommended for those wishing to relax, walk long stretches of beach, bicycle rides and to try the thrill of plummet down the dunes in buggies or quads. Walks to the famous Pedra Furada, lagoons and dunes, lost fishing villages, are excellent choices.
In the village there are small restaurants, bistros and bars where you can listen to live music and eat at candle light. The "luaus" traditional night parties are common on nights of full moon.
ABROLHOS NATIONAL MARINE PARK
On April 6, 1983, 480 years after its discovery, was created the first Brazilian Marine National Park, Abrolhos. It is certainly a privileged place with amazing variety of marine wildlife, countless species of fish, molluscs, corals and turtles among other wonders. It's like being in a giant aquarium swimming with colorful fish in clear blue waters.
Caravelas is a fishing village with access from Porto Seguro, southward and is the gateway to the archipelago of incredible beauty, where from July to September the Jubarte whales come to breed.
Watching these giants of the sea people going under the boat is not the only spectacle. On the island of Siribia, birds dig to prepare their nests, and in the crystalline waters that bathe the island of Santa Barbara you can dive with tanks, with an excellent average visibility of 30 meters; or snorkel to admire the colorful coral formations, huge black rays and some 160 species of fish that exist only in this archipelago.
The average water temperature ranges from 24 to 28 degrees. The Italian cargo ship Rosalina that sunk there in 1939 and is 100 meters long, has its head almost on the surface, attracting more experienced divers.